ASPEK SOSIO-KULTURAL PADA PROGRAM PENANGGULANGAN GAKY
Soeharyo H, Margawati A, Setyawan H and Djokomoeljanto
IDD concept is not the same with endemic goiter concept, that the disorder influence to physical and mental’s growth development, from fetus to adult. In the other side, the symptoms can’t be seen clearly, which difficult to be observed without special observation. There are great variation on IDD disorder from goiter, endemic cretin to minimal brain damage. But that disorder can be prevented well by using iodine adequately and continuously. The main hindrance in the field including: 1) Iodine vehicle choices, although generally the main choice is iodinized salt and the alternative choice is iodine solution in oil 2) Reaching guarantee on IDD’s high susceptible group, like school-children, pregnant women, breast-feeding women, eligible women.3) Continuity programme, remembering the main IDD problem is the result of iodine deficiency area, that need management continuously.
To reach the effective and efficient of prevention, must be done 3 important component i.e. 1) Iodine supple-mentation management (through iodinized salt and iodinized oil) 2) Improvement promotion and social mobilization, iodine supplementation programme beside promotion and social mobilization IDD problem in community 3) Program monitoring and evaluation has be done, either iodine capsule/iodinized salt, IDD promotion and control and socio-anthrophologic aspect mobilization in the community.
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